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hong kong highest temperature record

november 30, 2020 Geen categorie 0 comments

[169], The International Commerce Centre and Two International Finance Centre are the tallest buildings in Hong Kong and among the tallest in the Asia-Pacific region. [24] Hong Kong is home to the second-highest number of billionaires of any city in the world,[25] the highest number of billionaires of any city in Asia, and the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world. [37] Sir John Davis (the second colonial governor) offered an alternative origin; Davis said that the name derived from "Hoong-keang" ("red torrent"), reflecting the colour of soil over which a waterfall on the island flowed. Africa Asia Aus & Pacific Europe Latin America N America S America Mid East. [130][131], The territory is divided into 18 districts, each represented by a district council. Some extreme weather records are provided by Guinness World Records. [46] The region was consolidated under the Nanyue kingdom (a predecessor state of Vietnam) after the Qin collapse[47] and recaptured by China after the Han conquest. [161] When there is snowfall, which is extremely rare, it is usually at high elevations. This was influenced by British-style education, a separate political system, and the territory's rapid development during the late 20th century. After reversal of the last colonial era Legislative Council democratic reforms following the handover,[82] the regional government unsuccessfully attempted to enact national security legislation pursuant to Article 23 of the Basic Law. [19] As a special administrative region, Hong Kong maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of "one country, two systems". The territory's 2,755 km2 (1,064 sq mi) area consists of Hong Kong Island, the Kowloon Peninsula, the New Territories, Lantau Island, and over 200 other islands. [293][294] At the end of secondary schooling, all students take a public examination and awarded the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education on successful completion. [168] Single-family detached homes are extremely rare and generally only found in outlying areas. This is only a problem in high temperatures, which causes you to sweat in the first place; but as high humidity in Hong Kong often accompanies high temperatures, it can mean more than two minutes on the street will cause you to sweat, often profusely. [232] Automobiles drive on the left (unlike in mainland China), due to historical influence of the British Empire. [17][18] The whole territory was transferred to China in 1997. [68], Its population rebounded quickly after the war, as skilled Chinese migrants fled from the Chinese Civil War, and more refugees crossed the border when the Communist Party took control of mainland China in 1949. [118] Public finances are handled separately from the national government; taxes levied in Hong Kong do not fund the central authority. Temperatures in Hangzhou, the capital of the Zhejiang province, also broke a record according to the China Meteorological Administration. [149] The law criminalises acts that were previously considered protected speech under Hong Kong law and establishes the Office for Safeguarding National Security of the CPG in the HKSAR, an investigative office under Central People's Government authority immune from HKSAR jurisdiction. The incense was stored near Aberdeen Harbour for export before Victoria Harbour developed. Of the total area, 1,073 km (414 sq mi) is land and 35 km (14 sq mi) is water. [222], Tourism is a major part of the economy, accounting for five per cent of GDP. All travellers between Hong Kong and China and Macau must pass through border controls, regardless of nationality. [22][23] Hong Kong has a major capitalist service economy characterised by low taxation and free trade, and its currency, the Hong Kong dollar, is the eighth most traded currency in the world. [115], The territory's jurisdictional independence is most apparent in its immigration and taxation policies. And how should we best guess crowd size? [311], Three free-to-air television broadcasters operate in the territory; TVB, HKTVE, and Hong Kong Open TV air three analogue and eight digital channels. Hong Kong Temperature Yesterday. [134] Although universal suffrage for Chief Executive and all Legislative Council elections are defined goals of Basic Law Articles 45 and 68,[135] the legislature is only partially directly elected and the executive continues to be nominated by an unrepresentative body. Last year was the hottest recorded in Hong Kong since records began in 1884, the observatory said on Wednesday. [236] Highways, organised with the Hong Kong Strategic Route and Exit Number System, connect all major areas of the territory. Economic and infrastructure integration with China has increased significantly since the 1978 start of market liberalisation on the mainland. [99] Its judicial system is based on common law, continuing the legal tradition established during British rule. Hong Kong's political and judicial systems may be integrated with China's at that time, or the territory may continue to be administered separately. Smaller kai-to boats serve the most remote coastal settlements. [235] Bus services operate more than 700 routes across the territory,[228] with smaller public light buses (also known as minibuses) serving areas standard buses do not reach as frequently or directly. [77] The Legislative Council became a fully elected legislature for the first time in 1995 and extensively expanded its functions and organisations throughout the last years of the colonial rule. [154] Much of this is built on reclaimed land; 70 km2 (27 sq mi) (six per cent of the total land or about 25 per cent of developed space in the territory) is reclaimed from the sea. [173] However, many examples of European and Lingnan architecture are still found throughout the territory. During the year, Hong Kong recorded only nine cold … [233] Vehicle traffic is extremely congested in urban areas, exacerbated by limited space to expand roads and an increasing number of vehicles. [176] The Tin Hau Temple, dedicated to the sea goddess Mazu (originally built in 1012 and rebuilt in 1266), is the territory's oldest existing structure. The hot weather is expected to continue tomorrow. [69] Hong Kong became the first of the Four Asian Tiger economies to industrialise during the 1950s. [119][120], The Hong Kong Garrison of the People's Liberation Army is responsible for the region's defence. [92] Under these terms and the "one country, two systems" principle, the Basic Law of Hong Kong is the regional constitution.[93]. [3] Traditional Chinese characters are used in writing, rather than the simplified characters used on the mainland. [17] By the end of this war, Hong Kong had evolved from a transient colonial outpost into a major entrepôt. Monthly average temperatures, rainfall, snow days & record high and low temperatures msn back to msn home weather records and averages powered by Microsoft News They were charged with contempt and interfering with members of the council, while none of the pro-Beijing lawmakers were detained. [240] Most private recreational aviation traffic flies through Shek Kong Airfield, under the supervision of the Hong Kong Aviation Club. Of the total area, 1,073 km2 (414 sq mi) is land and 35 km2 (14 sq mi) is water. The University of Hong Kong was founded as the city's first institute of higher education during the early colonial period in 1911. Conditions on the island improved during the Taiping Rebellion in the 1850s, when many Chinese refugees, including wealthy merchants, fled mainland turbulence and settled in the colony. [245], The Peak Tram, Hong Kong's first public transport system, has provided funicular rail transport between Central and Victoria Peak since 1888. Private schools subsidised under the Direct Subsidy Scheme and international schools fall outside of this system and may elect to use differing curricula and teach using other languages. [221] While the economy transitioned to a service basis during the 1980s,[221] late colonial governments introduced interventionist policies. By the early 1990s, Hong Kong had established itself as a global financial centre and shipping hub. [108] The Communist Party does not have an official political presence in Hong Kong, and its members do not run in local elections. [124], The central government and Ministry of Foreign Affairs handle diplomatic matters, but Hong Kong retains the ability to maintain separate economic and cultural relations with foreign nations. Luckily, buildings, transport, and even some walkways are air-conditioned, but it does require staying inside. [26][27] Although the city has one of the highest per capita incomes in the world, severe income inequality exists among its residents. Winters are mild and usually sunny at the beginning, becoming cloudy towards February; an occasional cold front brings strong, cooling winds from the north. The minimum temperature will be about 28 degrees. [250] Renewable sources account for a negligible amount of energy generated for the territory. Although they live and work in Hong Kong, these workers are not treated as ordinary residents and are ineligible for right of abode in the territory. Hong Kong last experienced an exceptionally warm May in … Africa Asia Aus & Pacific Europe Latin America N America S America Mid East. [272] Dim sum, as part of yum cha (brunch), is a dining-out tradition with family and friends. The 1846 Flagstaff House, the former residence of the commanding British military officer, is the oldest Western-style building in Hong Kong. The central government has a print-media presence in the territory through the state-owned Ta Kung Pao and Wen Wei Po. The State Council (led by the Premier of China) appoints the Chief Executive after nomination by the Election Committee, which is composed of 1,200 business, community, and government leaders. Take a course for beginners, then watch…. Average temperature at Yuen Long Park, Kowloon City and Sai Kung is around 34.3°C making them the hottest areas in Hong Kong today. Hong Kong is characterised as a hybrid of East and West. The name translates as "fragrant harbour" or "incense harbour". [80] This was followed by the 2003 SARS epidemic, during which the territory experienced its most serious economic downturn. Sham Shui Po, Kwun Tong, Wong Tai Sin recorded temperature of 33.4°C, 33.3°C and 33.4°C respectively. The average temperature for the month was 27.4 degrees up to Tuesday, with rainfall totalling 53.2mm. [271] There are five daily meals: breakfast, lunch, afternoon tea, dinner, and siu yeh. Poultry and seafood are commonly sold live at wet markets, and ingredients are used as quickly as possible. [110] Local courts may refer to precedents set in English law and overseas jurisprudence. [197][198], Hong Kong has a capitalist mixed service economy, characterised by low taxation, minimal government market intervention, and an established international financial market. [171][172], Demand for new construction has contributed to frequent demolition of older buildings, freeing space for modern high-rises. It compares with the July 30 record of 149. [136][137], Ethnic minorities (except those of European ancestry) have marginal representation in government and often experience discrimination in housing, education, and employment. Marine / ocean climate data updated daily, surface sea temperatures and recorded in degrees centigrade and farenheit. The Qing surrendered early in the war and ceded Hong Kong Island in the Convention of Chuenpi. [264], Traditional Chinese family values, including family honour, filial piety, and a preference for sons, are prevalent. [170] Other distinctive buildings lining the Hong Kong Island skyline include the HSBC Main Building, the anemometer-topped triangular Central Plaza, the circular Hopewell Centre, and the sharp-edged Bank of China Tower. [227], Hong Kong generates most of its electricity locally. According to Hong Kong Observatory, Saturday (August 8) was the hottest day ever recorded in Hong Kong! Typhoons occur most often then, sometimes resulting in floods or landslides. [112] Interpretative and amending power over the Basic Law and jurisdiction over acts of state lie with the central authority, making regional courts ultimately subordinate to the mainland's socialist civil law system. In particular, the mean temperatures for winter (December 2018 to February 2019) and autumn (September to November 2019) respectively reached 19.1 degrees and 26.1 degrees, both ranking the highest on record. Furthermore, the State Council may enforce national law in the region under specific circumstances. [269], Food in Hong Kong is primarily based on Cantonese cuisine, despite the territory's exposure to foreign influences and its residents' varied origins. Hong Kong reported 115 new coronavirus infections on Sunday, including 109 locally transmitted, the highest in nearly four months, as authorities battle a renewed wave of COVID-19. The Hong Kong Chinese Orchestra, composed of classical Chinese instruments, is the leading Chinese ensemble and plays a significant role in promoting traditional music in the community. [208] Between 1961 and 1997 Hong Kong's gross domestic product increased by a factor of 180, and per capita GDP increased by a factor of 87. Lee Lai-shan won the territory's first and only Olympic gold medal at the 1996 Atlanta Olympics. [260][261] Most migrants of that era fled poverty and war, reflected in the prevailing attitude toward wealth; Hongkongers tend to link self-image and decision-making to material benefits. [298][299], Comprehensive schools fall under three categories: public schools, which are government-run; subsidised schools, including government aid-and-grant schools; and private schools, often those run by religious organisations and that base admissions on academic merit. [55] Qing authorities established the Canton System in 1757 to regulate trade more strictly, restricting non-Russian ships to the port of Canton. The highest temperature recorded at the Hong Kong Observatory in the year was 35.1 degrees on 9 August, the fourteenth highest on record. [251] Small-scale wind-power sources have been developed,[248] and a small number of private homes have installed solar panels. [230] Connecting service to the national high-speed rail system is provided at West Kowloon railway station. [123] Hong Kong residents are not required to perform military service and current law has no provision for local enlistment, so its defence is composed entirely of non-Hongkongers. This electoral arrangement has guaranteed a pro-establishment majority in the legislature since the transfer of sovereignty. [202], Hong Kong is the tenth-largest trading entity in exports and imports (2017), trading more goods in value than its gross domestic product. Settlers from nearby provinces migrated to Kowloon throughout the Ming dynasty. The sector generates 92.7 per cent of economic output, with the public sector accounting for about 10 per cent. No longer part of the Commonwealth of Nations, the city's last appearance in the latter was in 1994. [199] It is the world's 35th-largest economy, with a nominal GDP of approximately US$373 billion. [20][e], Originally a sparsely populated area of farming and fishing villages,[16] the territory has become one of the world's most significant financial centres and commercial ports. The regional government is composed of three branches: The Chief Executive is the head of government and serves for a maximum of two five-year terms. The city also experienced a record-breaking 41 hot nights, when temperatures remained above 28 degrees Celsius. These advise the government on local issues such as public facility provisioning, community programme maintenance, cultural promotion, and environmental policy. [211] At the height of the local movie industry in the early 1990s, over 400 films were produced each year; since then, industry momentum shifted to mainland China. Many areas recorded temperature between 33°C and 34°C. On … [288], Dragon boat races originated as a religious ceremony conducted during the annual Tuen Ng Festival. [117] Mainland Chinese citizens do not have right of abode in Hong Kong and are subject to immigration controls. [74] Diplomatic negotiations with China resulted in the 1984 Sino-British Joint Declaration, in which the United Kingdom agreed to transfer the colony in 1997 and China would guarantee Hong Kong's economic and political systems for 50 years after the transfer. During the 1980s, films such as A Better Tomorrow, As Tears Go By, and Zu Warriors from the Magic Mountain expanded global interest beyond martial arts films; locally made gangster films, romantic dramas, and supernatural fantasies became popular. [61], The colony was further expanded in 1898 when Britain obtained a 99-year lease of the New Territories. [302] Along with the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology and City University of Hong Kong, these universities are ranked among the best in Asia. [106] All popularly elected members are chosen by proportional representation. Post-handover administrations continued and expanded these programmes, including export-credit guarantees, a compulsory pension scheme, a minimum wage, anti-discrimination laws, and a state mortgage backer. Common cha chaan teng menu items include macaroni in soup, deep-fried French toast, and Hong Kong-style milk tea. SEE: The Week in Cartoons for July 22-26 ] To reduce the trade imbalance, the British sold large amounts of Indian opium to China. Hong Kong wealth gap hits record high", "Veterans who fled mainland for Hong Kong in 1970s tell their stories", "Hong Kong's heritage sites face continued threat despite government grading system", "Another Hong Kong election, another pro-Beijing leader—why it matters", "These 25 countries have the most billionaires", "Asian Cup: Know Your History – Part One (1956–1988)", "Hong Kong Activists Stare Down 'Great Firewall of China, "Here Be Dragons: How Feng Shui Shapes the Skyline of Hong Kong", "Hong Kong during World War II: A Transnational Battlefield", "Hong Kong's Stock Market Tells the Story of China's Growing Dominance", "Meanings of Right of Abode and Other Terms", World Bank Summary Trade Statistics Hong Kong, claimed by the People's Republic of China, Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macau Greater Bay Area, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, Special administrative regions of the People's Republic of China, Separate Customs Territory of Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen and Matsu, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hong_Kong&oldid=991861018#Climate, Chinese-speaking countries and territories, English-speaking countries and territories, States and territories established in 1997, Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, All Wikipedia articles written in Hong Kong English, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles containing potentially dated statements from December 2018, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Pages using multiple image with manual scaled images, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz area identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Officially the Republic of China, participates as ", This page was last edited on 2 December 2020, at 04:54. [90], Hong Kong is a special administrative region of China, with executive, legislative, and judicial powers devolved from the national government. Hong Kong averages 1,709 hours of sunshine per year;[162] the highest and lowest recorded temperatures at the Hong Kong Observatory are 36.6 °C (97.9 °F) on 22 August 2017 and 0.0 °C (32.0 °F) on 18 January 1893. [238] It is the eighth-busiest airport by passenger traffic,[239] and handles the most air-cargo traffic in the world. [59] After more than a year of further hostilities, Hong Kong Island was formally ceded to the United Kingdom in the 1842 Treaty of Nanking. Hong Kong's participation in China's 'two sessions' explained", "CY Leung insists housing policy won't cause property crash", "Hong Kong's TVB Targeting New Revenues With OTT Platform, Productions", "How many really marched in Hong Kong? [126][127][128] The regional government maintains trade offices in Greater China and other nations. The predominant language is Cantonese, a variety of Chinese originating in Guangdong. [112][150] The United Kingdom considers the law to be a serious violation of the Joint Declaration. The most temperate seasons are spring and autumn, which are generally sunny and dry. [67] Hong Kong was occupied by Japan for almost four years before Britain resumed control on 30 August 1945. [179] Examples include Lui Seng Chun, the Blue House in Wan Chai, and the Shanghai Street shophouses in Mong Kok. [84] Discrepancies in the electoral registry and disqualification of elected legislators after the 2016 Legislative Council elections[85][86][87] and enforcement of national law in the West Kowloon high-speed railway station raised further concerns about the region's autonomy. How to choose the best hospital to deliver your baby? HONG KONG: Hong Kong reported 115 new COVID-19 infections on Sunday (Nov 29), the highest in nearly four months, as authorities battle a renewed … [256] Mobile-phone use is ubiquitous;[257] there are more than 18 million mobile-phone accounts,[258] more than double the territory's population. [155], Undeveloped terrain is hilly to mountainous, with very little flat land, and consists mostly of grassland, woodland, shrubland, or farmland. [248] The vast majority of this energy comes from fossil fuels, with 46 per cent from coal and 47 per cent from petroleum. [65] The colonial government prepared for a possible attack, evacuating all British women and children in 1940. [301] The Chinese University of Hong Kong was established in 1963 to fill the need for a university that taught using Chinese as its primary language of instruction. [21] It is the world's tenth-largest exporter and ninth-largest importer. The Qing were again defeated and forced to give up Kowloon Peninsula and Stonecutters Island in the Convention of Peking. [252], With few natural lakes and rivers, high population density, inaccessible groundwater sources, and extremely seasonal rainfall, the territory does not have a reliable source of freshwater. Hong Kong Observatory forecasts several showers tonight. Temperature in Hong Kong increased to 28.52 celsius in August from 28.39 celsius in July of 2013. [189], Life expectancy in Hong Kong was 82.2 years for males and 87.6 years for females in 2018, the sixth-highest in the world. Mass-produced public-housing estates, built since the 1960s, are mainly constructed in modernist style.[180]. [265] Nuclear families are the most common households, although multi-generational and extended families are not unusual. Hong Kong became a colony of the British Empire after the Qing Empire ceded Hong Kong Island at the end of the First Opium War in 1842. [107] These parties have aligned themselves into three ideological groups: the pro-Beijing camp (the current government), the pro-democracy camp, and localist groups. [229] Cross-boundary train service to Shenzhen is offered by the East Rail line, and longer-distance inter-city trains to Guangzhou, Shanghai, and Beijing are operated from Hung Hom Station. [312] RTHK is the public broadcaster, providing seven radio channels and three television channels. [40] Some corporations founded during the early colonial era still keep this name, including Hongkong Land, Hongkong Electric Company, Hongkong and Shanghai Hotels and the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation (HSBC). [44], Early Hong Kong settlers were a semi-coastal people[43] who migrated from inland and brought knowledge of rice cultivation. Summer is hot and humid, with occasional showers and thunderstorms and warm air from the southwest. Mainland firms represent over half of the Hang Seng Index value, up from five per cent in 1997. Connections over fibre-optic infrastructure are increasingly prevalent,[255] contributing to the high regional average connection speed of 21.9 Mbit/s (the world's fourth-fastest). It broke the previous record of 33.2°C on 7th June. [29] The dense space led to a developed transportation network with public transport rates exceeding 90 percent. With over 7.5 million residents of various nationalities[d] in a 1,104-square-kilometre (426 sq mi) territory, Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. Eleven months of 2019 were warmer than normal, and the annual mean temperature of 24.5 degrees Celsius was 1.2 degrees above the norm for the 1981-2010 period. Many areas recorded temperature between 33°C and 34°C. It is spoken by 94.6 per cent of the population, 88.9 per cent as a first language and 5.7 per cent as a second language. Hong Kong has a humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), characteristic of southern China, despite being located south of the Tropic of Cancer. [312] TVB, Hong Kong's dominant television network, has an 80 per cent viewer share. [39] The name was also commonly written as the single word Hongkong until 1926, when the government officially adopted the two-word name. Jackie Chan, Donnie Yen, Jet Li, Chow Yun-fat, and Michelle Yeoh frequently play action-oriented roles in foreign films. July is the hottest month in Hong Kong with an average temperature of 29°C (84°F) and the coldest is January at 16°C (61°F) with the most daily sunshine hours at 7 in August. [254] Toilets flush with seawater, greatly reducing freshwater use.[253]. [63][64] At the start of the Second Sino-Japanese War in 1937, Governor Geoffry Northcote declared Hong Kong a neutral zone to safeguard its status as a free port. 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Hongkonger and foreign women and girls are forced into prostitution in brothels, homes, and businesses in the city. Comments Monthly average temperatures, rainfall, snow days, and record high and low temperatures msn back to msn home weather records and averages powered by Microsoft News [125] The territory actively participates in the World Trade Organization, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation forum, the International Olympic Committee, and many United Nations agencies. Fifty per cent of China's trade goods were routed through Hong Kong in 1997, dropping to about 13 per cent by 2015. [83] The central government decision to implement nominee pre-screening before allowing Chief Executive elections triggered a series of protests in 2014 which became known as the Umbrella Revolution. [54], After the Qing conquest, maritime trade was banned under the Haijin policies. Similarly, the Chief Executive is selected by establishment politicians and corporate members of the Election Committee rather than directly elected. [22][23] Over half of its cargo throughput consists of transshipments (goods travelling through Hong Kong). [43] However, in 2003, stone tools were excavated at the Wong Tei Tung archaeological site, which optical luminescence testing showed date to between 35,000 and 39,000 years ago. [178], Tong lau, mixed-use tenement buildings constructed during the colonial era, blended southern Chinese architectural styles with European influences.

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